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Image courtesy USDA-ARS
Millet has long been a staple for many civilisations, but research into it's nutritional value and use is still new. (1)
Crop and production research on pearl millet is being conducted on both the grain and ornamental grass varieties. Millet's resiliency is a reason for it's success in arid climates, and are few or no disease problems associated with pearl millet (2) However, current US research efforts are to improve rust resistancy (newcrop), and and other global research addresses resistance to pests and environment (3).
ARC and ICRISAT also conduct research on pearl millet. Their focus includes pest, environmental stress, weed and disease resistance.(4, 5) ICRISAT has helped to identify several QTL associated with downy mildew.(5)
For more information about current research on millet, see: