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Every wheat-producing country conducts breeding programs aimed to increase hardiness to pests and to environmental factors and diseases that damage the plant, affect nutrition,growth, yield and quality (12, 1). Wheat is subject to more diseases than other grains, and during wet seasons wheat will suffer heavier losses than other cereals (1). Rust is the most destructive wheat disease, and insects damage about ten percent of the United States wheat crop every year (7). Lodging (when grain weight becomes too heavy for the plant to support) is also a significant area of research (2).

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