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Barley Taxonomy

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Hordeum contains 16 Species and 26 accepted taxa overall (11)
Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Monocotyledons
Subclass: Commelinidae
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae - Grass family
Genus: Hordeum - barley
SpeciesHordeum arizonicum - Arizona barley
Species: Hordeum bogdanii
Species: Hordeum brachyantherum - meadow barley
Species: Hordeum brevisubulatum
Species: Hordeum bulbosum - bulbous barley
Species: Hordeum comosum
Species: Hordeum depressum - dwarf barley
Species: Hordeum intercedens - bobtail barley
Species: Hordeum jubatum - foxtail barley
Species: Hordeum marinum - seaside barley
Species: Hordeum murinum - mouse barley
Species: Hordeum parodii
Species: Hordeum pusillum - little barley
Species: Hordeum secalinum
Species: Hordeum spontaneum - spontaneous barley
Species: Hordeum vulgare - common barley

(from 5, 11)

Image courtesy of USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950.
Manual of the grasses of the United States.
USDA Misc. Publ. No. 200. Washington, DC.
Common names for Horduem vulgare:
Barley, barleycorn, barley flakes, barley grits, malt, naked barley, pearl barley, pot barley, Scotch barley, six-row barley, two-row barley, Arpa, Cebada, Common Barley, Gerst, Jo, Kung Mai, Kung Mai Nieh, Mai Ya, No Mai, Orzo, Sha'Ir, Six-rowed Barley, Ta Mai
Synonyms for Horduem vulgare:
Hordeum aegiceras Nees ex Royle, Hordeum distichon L., Hordeum hexastichon L., Hordeum hexastichum L., Hordeum irregulare Aberg & Wiebe, Hordeum sativum Pers., Hordeum vulgare var. trifurcatum (Schlecht.) Alef.

  1. Barley Germplasm Database, 2003. Barley Database Notes. Barley Germplasm Center, Okayama University, Japan.
  2. 2005. The Barley project, Oregon State University. What is Barley? Accessed April 19, 2006.
  3. Duke, J. A. 1983. Handbook of Energy Crops. unpublished. Hordeum vulgare L.
  4. Gomez-Macpherson, H. 2001. Hordeum vulgare. EcoPort Entity 1232,
  5. Hordeum vulgare. Retrieved April 18, 2006, from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System on-line database,
  6. Kling, J. 2004. An Introduction to Barley - Notes from CSS 330 World Foods Class. Accessed April 18, 2006.
  7. Plants for a Future database. 2004. Hordeum vulgare Blagdon Cross, Ashwater, Beaworthy, Devon, EX21 5DF, UK. Website: Accessed April 18, 2006.
  8. Small, E. 1999. New crops for Canadian agriculture. p. 15-52. In: J. Janick (ed.), Perspectives on new crops and new uses. ASHS Press, Alexandria, VA.
  9. US Barley genome project. 2005. Accessed April 18, 2006.
  10. U.S. Grains Council (2006) Barley: Genus Hordeum, family poaceae, a cereal grain.
  11. USDA, NRCS, 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
  12. Wikipedia contributors (2006). Barley. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved April 14, 2006
  13. Young, B. 2001. Barley; The Versatile Crop. Southern Illinois University, College of Science, Ethnobotanical Leaflets.