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Foxtail Millet Taxonomy

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Setaria italica (Foxtail Millet) Classification

Kingdom Plantae - Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class Liliopsida - Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Cyperales
Family Poaceae - Grass family
Genus Setaria Beauv. - bristlegrass
Species Setaria italica (L.) Beauv. - foxtail bristlegrass
[Classification from (14)]


Common names: Italian bristlegrass, Italian foxtail, foxtail bristlegrass, German millet, hay millet, Chinese millet, and Hungarian millet. A weed grass called foxtail is a close relative (3)
Species: Chaetochloa italica, Chaetochloa viridis, Chamaeraphis viridis, Panicum italicum, Panicum pachystachys, Panicum viride, Setaria pachystachys, and Setaria viridis. But Setaria italica is the current officially accepted name.

(Names compiled from 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14).

Tribe Genus Example species
Paniceae   Panicum, Setaria, Echinochloa,  
Pennisetum and Paspalum   
proso millet (Panicum miliaceum), foxtail millet(Setaria italica), japanese barnyard millet (Echinochola crusgalli), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and koda millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum)
Chlorideae   Eleusine   finger millet (Eleusine coracana)
Festuceae   Eragrostis    teff millet (Eragrostis tef)
[Table from (12)]


  1. Baker, R. D., (2003) Millet Production (Guide A-414) [PDF], New Mexico State University
  2. Baltensperger, D.D. 2002. Progress with proso, pearl and other millet
  3. Center for New Crops & Plant Products, Purdue University, Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture Foxtail Millet data 1/31/2006
  4. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Research & Impact: Areas of Research:Millet
  5. *FAOSTAT 2005 Data
  6. Hungarian grass. (n.d.) (2005). Retrieved March 30 2006 from The Free Dictionary
  7. The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) data, Retrieved [3/30/2006], from ITIS.
  8. Oelke, E.A., Oplinger, E.S., Putnam, D.H., Durgan, B.R., Doll, J.D. and Undersander, D.J. (1990) Millets, in Alternative Field Crops Manual
  9. Railey, Karen. Whole Grains: Millet
  10. Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture. Crops: Millet: What is Millet?
  11. Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture. Crops: Millet: Pearl Millet
  12. UK CropNet, data 02-Nov-2005
  13. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: (30 March 2006)
  14. USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 ( Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
  15. Wikipedia contributors, 'Millet', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 3 April 2006, 15:43 UTC, [accessed 3 April 2006]
  16. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), Research & Impact: Areas of Research: MilletResearch & Impact: Areas of Research: Millet